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Histopathology is the study of microscopic changes in diseased tissues. Samples are either received fresh (unfixed) or in the histological fixative Buffered Formalin and are processed to paraffin wax to preserve and stabilise the tissue. Wax impregnated tissue is then cut on a microtome to produce ultra thin sections of tissue, which are mounted onto glass slides and stained prior to light microscopy. These stained tissue sections are then examined by an Experienced and Qualified Medical Pathologist who will issue a report detailing their findings and diagnosis.


The department receives over 27,000 Histopathology cases each year ranging from small tissue biopsies to large resection specimens and whole organs. The department is also a referral centre for the specialised testing of Renal and Skin biopsies by immunofluorescence and the processing and reporting of Her 2 testing in Breast Cancer.


Histopathology is directed by a team of dedicated and highly qualified Consultant Pathologists with  specialist knowledge in range of pathological fields including

  • Gynaecological Pathology
  • Respiratory Pathology
  • Urological Pathology
  • Colorectal Pathology
  • Upper Gastro-Intestinal Pathology
  • Head and Neck Pathology
  • Breast pathology
  • Thyroid Pathology
  • Liver Pathology
  • Dermatopathology

The team of consultant pathologists is supported by a team of highly qualified and experienced Biomedical Scientists and Biomedical Support workers. The function of this team is to process the specimens through the laboratory safely, efficiently and to a high standard to enable the Consultant Pathologists to give the highest quality of Histopathological Diagnosis. The department of Histopathology is also supported by an team of experienced medical secretaries and clerical assistants who ensure that the reports are released to the clinicians in timely fashion and all enquires are dealt with in a polite and efficient manor.


For more information regarding the histopathological service, testing repertoire and information on the collection of Specimens please refer to the departments user guide found on this page and in the User Guides and Documents Section


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